Wuhan Coronavirus

Key points on Wuhan Coronavirus

  • First confirmed case in China was 7th January 2020.
  • Human to human transmission has been confirmed and global surveillance has been set up
  • Wuhan is a major transport hub in China and beyond here, other cities have had confirmation of the case such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong
  • As at 21st January, 5 cases have been confirmed in four countries: Thailand, Japan, Republic of Korea and USA all with travel history to China.

Mode of transmission

  • Airborne via cough and sneezing

Signs and symptoms
This new strain appears to be mild to severe respiratory symptoms like cough and breathing difficulties, fever, chest pain, headache, sore throat palpitations, kidney failure, pneumonia. From current evidence, it appears that death is a rare outcome.

There is no specific treatment for this new strain yet. However, many symptoms are treated as the appear.

Nigeria’s preparedness and response
The Centre for Disease Control has set up a multisectoral technical group that assesses and manages the risk of importation to Nigeria in collaboration with the World Health organization.
The port Health service unit of the federal ministry of health in Nigeria has been placed on high alert and has heightened screening measures at the point of entries into Nigeria. Travelers from China to Nigeria have been put on checks including temperature checks as well as direct any symptomatic passengers to health facilities for follow up.

How to protect yourself
To reduce the risk, we should:

    1. Wash your hands regularly with soap under running water.
    2. Cover your mouth and nose properly with handkerchief or tissue paper when sneezing and/or coughing. You may also cough into your elbow if handkerchief is not available.
    3. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
    4. Avoid self-medication. Report to the nearest health facility when you experience any of the above symptoms.